About the Staff in General
The staff is a long hard weapon. It can be made of wood or metal. It can also be made of both materials. A metal staff can either only have a metal head or be completely made of metal. Examples for different types of staffs are: Tietougun (metal-head-staff) , Huntiegun, Huntonggun (is made of copper), etc. The staff is one of the oldest weapons. A simple version of it can be found almost everywhere and it is not very hard to be manufactured. Staff training counts to the fundamentals of Chinese Kung Fu. The rules for Staff competitions state that the staff should not be shorter than the person who uses it. It has to be visibly longer.
The staff is divided in three parts: The body (Chin.: gunshen), the head (Chin.: guntou), the root (Chin.: gungen). Root and head of most staffs can be differentiated by there thickness. The root is the thicker part and the head the thinner part.
The power used in staff techniques originates from the roots of the body, the feet. From there it is supposed to be translated through the whole body until it reaches the part of the staff where it is required (roots, head or body of the staff). The hips and waist can be seen as the main source for power in most of the staff techniques. The staff is used as a lever that amplifies the movement of the hip and the waist. The hips make a small turn which is translated into the staff through the upper body, the shoulders and the arms. So a small and powerful turn of the hip and waist result in a big powerful blow of the staff. The staff’s specialties are speed and quick changes. Chinese Kung Fu has numerous staff styles. Many Kung Fu styles have their own staff styles as well.\r\nMost frequently used techniques are: 劈pi-chop, 抡lun- swing, 缠chan-circle, 扫sao-sweep, 云yun-twirl, 拦lan-block, 点dian-stab, 戳chuo-stab downwards, 挂gua-block, 绞 jiao-thrust downwards, 崩beng-hit-block-,etc.